25) Chemiosmosis is the process in which hydrogen ions build a high concentration in the intermembranous space. The electron carriers carr the electrons to the electron transport chain. ATP synthase is the enyzme that makes ATP by chemiosmois. It allows the proteins to pass through the membrane by using the kinetic energy to phosphaylate. Hydrogen ions go through hydrogen chemicals by active transport. This creates a high hydrogen concentration in the inter membranous space. ADP and the phosphates combine at the end of the process to make ATP. 36 ATP is made at the end of the whole process.

26) When sprinting, Tom has no oxygen to give to his body. Tom's cells cannot recieve enough oxygen. When he doesn't have any oxygen left, his body turns to Lactic Acid Fermentation. This makes lactic acid and NAD+. When running for a long distance, Tom still has oxygen throughout his body. It goes through the Mitochondria and ten goes through the Krebs/Citric Acid Cycle. The body makes a total of 36 ATP, keeping the body flowing with oxygen.

27) The mitochondria can go through Lactic cid Fermentation for a short period of time. This makes Lactic Acid and NAD+, and then it turns back to the form of glycolysis. After it turns back into glycolysis, the cells begin to go through the regular process of Cellular Repiration, which uses oxygen.

28) Since Helen's protein is mishapen then the Electron Transport Chain steph in Cellular Respiration is having a hard time creating ATP. Helen's muscle and her other cells are not getting enough ATP, so they're not formaing as efficiently as they should be.

29) In photosynthesis, energy is made from sunlight, water, and oxygen and it is turned into glucose. In cellular respiratoin, glucose is turned into ATP, for energy.

30) ATP is used for energy in cells. ATP is transferred into cells through enzymes, ATP molecus lock into enzmes andthe enzymes take out the energy. ATP molecules are recharged through ATP synthase.