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what is acne?
-Inflammation near the skin's surface produces a pustule; deeper inflammation results in a papule pimple.

-Acne is the most common skin disease. People of all races and ages get acne. But it is most common in teenagers and young adults. An estimated 80 percent of all people between the ages of 11 and 30 have acne outbreaks at some point. Some people in their forties and fifties still get acne.
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 What causes acne?

-Acne happens when oil (sebaceous) glands come to life around puberty, stimulated by hormones from the adrenal glands of both boys and girls.

The exact cause of acne is unknown fully but here are some known factors.
  • The hormone increase in teenage years (this can cause the oil glands to plug up more often)
  • Hormone changes during pregnancy
  • Starting or stopping birth control pills
  • Heredity (if your parents had acne, you might get it, too)external image Latvia-Bans-Junk-Food-in-Schools-and-Nurseries-2.jpg
  • Some types of medicine
  • Greasy makeup.

Myths about acne???
~ Pizza
~ Chocolate
~ Greasy and fried foods
~junk food
-Dirty skin

Blackheads: An open comedo has a wide opening to the skin and is capped with a blackened mass of skin debris,bacteria, and sebum (oil). *(PUBERTY)

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Whiteheads: A whitehead is a comedo that has an obstructed opening to the skin. A closed comedo may rupture and cause a low-grade skin inflammatory reaction in the area. ( *closed comedo & oil &bacteria*) !!!

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Is when dead skin and excess oil accumulate in a pore near the surface of your skin, then they can form a soft plug, which obstructs the opening of the hair follicle. An affected pore that remains open, yet still obstructed, causes little to no swelling to the surrounding skin and leads to what's known as a blackhead.
When the dead skin and excess oil accumulate deeper within the pore, a soft plug still forms and obstructs the opening of the hair follicle. But this deeper obstruction can cause a break in the follicular wall or bacterial buildup, triggering an immune response from the body that sends white blood cells to the injury or infection site.
EXAMPLES: *papules

Acne treatment depends on whether you have a mild, moderate, or severe fomr. Sometimes your doctor will combine treatments to get the best results and to avoid developing drug-resistant bacteria . Treatment could include lotions or gels you put on blemishes or sometimes entire areas of skin such as the chest or back .Sometimes oral medicines are even provided.
Mild acne
  • Gentle cleansing with a mild soapexternal image acne-1.jpgexternal image 1.jpg
  • Applying benzoyl peroxide
  • Prescibed lotion from doctor
Moderate to Severe

  • Applying benzoyl peroxide.
  • Draining of large pimples and cysts by a doctor.
  • Applying prescription antibiotic gels, creams, or lotions.
  • Applyingprescription retinoids.
  • Applying azelaic acid.
  • Taking prescription oral antibiotics.
  • Laser treatment
      • Most treatments for acne take time. It often takes 6 to 8 weeks for acne to improve after you start treatment. Some treatments may cause acne to get worse before it gets better.
Over the counter treatments work for mild acne, once the acne really starts to progress the over the counter treatmenst are less effective at getting rid of alreday severe acne but can help prevent new acne from forming and a prescribed method should be used for the severe acne.**